Japanese Maples have long been a favorite for gardens throughout the world. There is nothing else quite like a Japanese Maple. They are in a class of their own. Every variety has its own unique beauty and adds elegance to any landscape.
Japanese Maples respond best when planted in soil that drains well, since they are very sensitive to soggy, wet conditions. When planting, pay close attention to placement, according to the sun tolerance of the variety you've selected. Many varieties will do best when they are shaded from the hot afternoon sun; such as on the east side of a house or when grown in filtered sun through the canopy of a large, nearby shade tree. Plant level with or slightly higher than the existing grade. Pack the soil in well around the roots and at the base, to eliminate air pockets.
Japanese Maples require very little trimming. Pruning of undesirable branches or tipping to promote a fuller canopy may be done as needed. Fertilize once in the spring, and again mid-summer. Water every 2 to 4 days in summer depending on how well the soil drains (sandy soil looses moisture fast, clay tends to hold for several days).
'Bihou' is a gorgeous green leaf on bright yellow bark that turns red when temperatures start dropping in the fall. It grows in a wide vase shape with a mature height of 14ft. Needs to be planted in filtered sun or afternoon shade.
'Bloodgood' is the best known, upright, red-leaf, tree-form cultivar. Leaves emerge a dark purple-red and hold their color to mid-summer. 'Bloodgood' will mature with a broad, rounded top up to 30 feet. This variety also takes our heat well. Can be planted in full sun.
'Beni Kawa' is a newer variety of the coral bark maple. It is multi-stemmed to 20 ft tall. Light green leaves turn to pumpkin-orange in the fall. Full sun helps develop the bark and leaf color.
'Burgundy Lace' has deeply divided leaves with a feathery appearance. They hold their burgundy-red color well into summer. They grow to about 20ft tall and do best with only morning or filtered sun. They tend to hold their color well in the shade.
'Butterfly' emerges pink to orange and has variegated edges on the leaves. The tree grows to about 18ft tall and is vase shaped when mature. Performs best with only morning sun or filtered sun and is an excellent, bright accent to any shady landscape.
'Crimson Queen' is one of the best known, red, laceleaf trees. It has finely dissected, red leaves that are absolutely beautiful with a very strong weeping form. Leaves do tend to get green overtones as summer progresses due to the heat. Fall color is scarlet red. Mature height is 10ft by 12ft wide. They will grow in shade to sun, but might get tip burn in full sun, especially at young age.
'Emperor I' (Emperor one) is an upright growing red leaf maple that is very much like 'Bloodgood.' It is a little more of an aggressive grower than 'Bloodgood' and leafs out a few weeks later, making it less susceptible to late frosts. Mature height can reach 30ft. Grows well in full sun, but will tolerate some shade.
'Fiellheim' is a green leaf, coral bark maple. They are almost bush form; growing to about 8ft tall by 6ft wide. These maples hold up to the South East heat and humidity extremely well, making them a good selection for containers as well. Will take full to partial sun.
'Garnet' This is one of the most vigorous lace-leaf types with a more reddish-orange color. They have a mature height of 13ft tall and wide with a mounding habit. Plant in filtered sun or afternoon shade.
'Glowing Embers' is an award winning Japanese maple from Dr. Micheal Dirrs' plant evaluation program at the University of Georgia. It is an upright green leaf with brilliant fall color that makes a beautiful small shade tree with a dense canopy. It can grow to 30-40ft tall and thrives in full sun.
'Hefner's Red' is a purple leaf upright maple with a mature height of 20ft. This maple holds its color better into the summer heat than many other similar cultivars. They can be planted in full or partial sun.
'Inaba Shidare' is a great purple-red laceleaf for the Southeast that holds its color well into the summer. The 'Inaba Shidare' has a more vigorous growth habit than many others, giving it a more architectural appearance. Mature height is 12ft. It grows well in our heat, but needs only morning or filtered sun.
'Japanese Sunrise' is a upright coral bark that can grow up to 20'tall. This selection of coral bark is dark red on exposed branching with lighter yellowish orange bark on interior shaded branches giving them a unique twist. Plant in full sun to partial shade.
'Moon Fire' is another upright purple leaf with a mature height of 20ft. They hold their color well into the summer for a purple leaf and have reliable burgundy red fall color. Plant in full sun to partial shade.
'Orange Dream' provides a beautiful, unique, spring display of dark orange, which turns to yellow edged in orange, then changes to bright yellow green as spring progresses. 'Orange Dream' is great to brighten-up a shady area in the yard. It forms a bushy upright shrub to twelve feet and does best in only morning or filtered sun.
'Orangeola' performs well in the heat and humidity of the Southeast. It has coarsely dissected leaves that emerge a red-orange, but can be red-purple as well. Leaves become reddish-green as summer progresses, providing a background for a second flush of red. 'Orangeola' is a vigorous grower when young,and has strong, draping branches that form a mound up to ten feet. Will handle full or partial sun.
'Red Dragon' is a great choice for a weeping type that does not get too big. They havedeep purple dissected leaves on dark purple branches. 'Red Dragon' holds its purple color in both full sun and shaded conditions. It is a very slow growing, compact tree that grows to 8ft by 8ft. It will grow in full to partial sun, but might benefit from a little afternoon shade.
'Sango kaku' is also known as the Coral Bark maple because of the beautiful red-toned bark it develops in the winter. This colorful bark adds some interest when there are not many plants looking vibrant in the landscape. Leaves emerge a refreshing light green with reddish tinges in the spring. They grow extremely upright with a spreading top canopy when mature. Fall color is predominantly yellows with some reds and oranges. Tree will grow to 24ft tall, and does well in full sun to partial shade.
'Seiryu' is unusual because it is an upright green laceleaf. This variety has an airy, upright form and is a very vigorous grower. They have beautiful, crimson and red fall color. They do well in the Southeast, can grow to around 24ft tall, and do well in full to partial sun.
'Scolopendrifolium' is a beautiful selection with light green leaves that are very thin and long. They look somewhat like bamboo leaves that change to red shades in the fall. They are excellent for giving any yard a more exotic feel because of their leaf structure. They can grow to around 20ft and do best in filtered sun conditions.
'Tamuke yama' is an excellent larger growing lace leaf with a strong cascading growth habit that can mature up to 13 ft tall. It holds up well in the heat and humidity of the Southeast. They have dissected leaves that emerge a crimson-red in spring, soon changing to purple-red. 'Tamuke yama' holds this color very well into summer and fall color is crimson-red.
'Viridis' is a beautiful weeping green lace leaf growing to around 13ft tall and wide. They have stunning yellow red fire like fall color. Plant in filtered sun or afternoon shade.
'Water Fall' is very similar to Viridis except one major difference; it matures to around 10ft tall and wide making a little more compact. Plant in filtered sun or afternoon shade.
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